The Creation – An Exposition of Genesis 1:1-2:25

Introduction

The first section of early history found in the Bible is that of the creation. It is certainly logical that this section should be first. What else could possibly happen in history if not for creation taking place first? Unlike the vague theory of evolution, the Biblical account of creation gives us a definite beginning of all things. First of all, we are given to know that time has a beginning and that it was created. By this we know that the creation of time is that which frames our life and its existence on this planet, without which we would have no other frame of reference to go by. The beginning of time at creation gives us a sort of boundary marker that is similar to that which a surveyor sets into the ground. When a surveyor is tasked to establish the legal boundary of a given property, he starts at one end of a street with a certain marker from which all of the properties are to be measured from. In order for one property to be settled as to its true boundary, every other property on the street must be reconciled. The beginning of time recorded in Scripture does this same thing for us. We can measure every event of history recorded in Scripture from this time.

The vague theory of evolution gives us absolutely nothing. We always hear the same vague but familiar mantras put forth about there being millions and billions of years back to this dinosaur or to that ice age or whatever. These scientific postulations regarding time start with us and try to go back to some unknown period, but from what starting point are they supposed to have occurred from in the first place? There is no beginning at all in these speculations, just some endless stream of nebulous matter floating about waiting for a bang to occur. And where does such a bang come from? It just happened they tell us as if that is supposed to be an answer. Man was made better than that in his intellect than to settle for such vagaries. My friend, don’t believe the nonsense that scientific probabilities prescribe for us about the origin of things. We have a definite, authoritative, inspired account of the origin of things by God. There is a fixed point at which time began to exist, a time when the clock started ticking that everything else that exists has its reference point from (Gen. 1:1).

The beginning of material nature is familiar to us. The scientist tries to tell us of things that we have no personal knowledge of, no frame of reference to whatsoever. All the various stages of evolution sound interesting to the academic but there aren’t a single shred of evidence connecting any of it together that can be proved. Nor is any of it known to us according to our present understanding of reality. When God created, He created things which we know of now. Such things as light and dark, day and night, atmosphere and water, dry land and seas, plants, herbs, trees and vegetation, sun, moon and stars (Gen. 1:3-19). There were living creatures created of various kinds such as birds, animals and fish of every sort (Gen. 1:20-22). And of course, God made man; “So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.” (Gen. 1:27).

All these things that were created in the beginning are things that we know of, things that we can relate to in our own sphere of experience. This is the nature that we behold today and see the hand of God displayed. And so, what God created in the beginning He then told us about in His word so that we would have true knowledge of our Creator and His accomplishment. Since we are part of the creation too, we must look to that which is higher than our self for knowledge. We as created beings cannot obtain this knowledge from simple empirical evidence for it is finite, changeable and beyond our comprehension as limited creatures to understand with perfect unalloyed ability. But the truth contained in the creation account is objective reality that we can believe in as coming from God who made it.

1-The Mystery of Creation

Without doubt there are many things revealed in the creation account in Scripture that are mysterious, things that are unfamiliar to our present experience of life and environment. These things are revealed to us by the God who created everything out of nothing, a feat which modern science is and always will be unable to explain. The astute observer of the creation account will notice that God formed the substance known as light three days before He formed the luminaries that we understand today convey it (Gen. 1:3-5; 14-19). Science will never be able to explain this phenomenon of light, nor will it ever be necessary for it to do so. What is necessary is that we as the creatures of God that have been given an intellect to perceive this truth in the reading of Scripture believe it and worship God for it. In fact, light is used metaphorically throughout Scripture to convey important spiritual realities, like the glory of God, the knowledge of God, the righteousness of God, the will of God in His word and the ability to reason rightly from it (Ps. 4:6; 27:1; 37:6; 119:105,130).

Whether this is a reason or not for why God did this in the creation event, that is, create light first the way He did separate from that which reflects it, we cannot tell. The fact that God did this does tell us something about Him. God created light as a pure substance that divides the darkness, something we are told is true of Jesus Christ who was present and active in the creation event (John 1:1-5). Light is held in sharp contrast to darkness in explaining these things and many more like them. The New Testament teaching on salvation certainly draws an object lesson from this event. “For it is the God who commanded light to shine out of darkness, who has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.” (II Cor. 4:6). Light and darkness in this passage represents the contrast that exists between life and death, righteousness and sin, faith and unbelief, spiritual understanding and ignorance, all in reference to Jesus Christ, and all through the spiritually creative work of God in some persons life.

Another mystery that confronts us in the creation account is the manner in which God divided mankind into male and female when He made Adam a helper. “So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.” (Gen. 1:27). These words, “God created man” in the singular sense we are to understand as representative of the two people He termed “male and female.” And furthermore, these two persons that God created that He called “man,” within their combined humanity comprise a single unit of representation of the Creator God Himself, “in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.” Now obviously, a man and a woman have entirely different physical characteristics that define them as male and female, even though they are the same in their humanity. Especially of interest however, is the fact that the emotional makeup of these two creatures appears to be so opposite of one another, the man being masculine and the woman being feminine.

In their combined persons, the man and the woman were made to reflect the single unseen character of God in their humanity. Or, put another way if a man and woman come together as one only then in their combined state they are able to represent God in the manner He created them for. A clearer picture of this function is brought to us in the marriage union ordained of God at the time of creation (Gen. 2:23,24). The New Testament refers to this marriage union between a man and a woman also as a type or picture of the church of Jesus Christ (Eph. 5:22-33). In this type there is shown to us a single body, consisting of separate persons brought together for the purpose of manifesting Gods love and fellowship between them. With Jesus Christ as the Head of His body, the church, there is a perfect display of the glory of God both in creation and in redemption.

Also manifest in this type is that of order within the Persons of the Godhead. The headship of the Father, the submission of the Son, and the fellowship of love between them both by the Holy Spirit, these are all reasonably brought forth in the analogy the apostle Paul uses of the marriage union and the church. “This is a great mystery, but I speak concerning Christ and the church.” (Eph. 5:32). The product that occurs from the physical expression of this union between a man and a woman is in their offspring, the fruit of their love. This is as well a prefigurement of Christ and the church (Heb. 2:10). Just as a man and a woman has a family so doesn’t God too. And in this analogy which is drawn from the family to the church we can see in it the fruitfulness and propagation of it that occurs. And so the apostle speaks to children concerning their place within the created order in their creation duty to reverence their parents (Eph. 6:1-3).

A further mystery that is seen in the creation of the women from the man is that she is said to be made of his rib (Gen. 2:21). Why or how this was done we have not a clue, especially since men and women today who have all descended from these two parents both have the same number of ribs. It is also a fact that while a person can live without a full complement of ribs, it is also something that is accompanied with a variety of physical problems.[1] There is one thing that we can surmise from the text and it is this, the woman taken from the man and given back to him as his helper was someone who was intimately close to him. “And Adam said: “This is now bone of my bones And flesh of my flesh; She shall be called Woman, Because she was taken out of Man.” (Gen. 2:23). Certainly, God wanted to convey to us in this act of His the unity that exists within the humanity of men and women, and that only they as opposites can be united together in order to express that image of God revealed by Him. This is something God gives us in the creation account.

And finally, one more thing which is unfamiliar to us in the original creation and yet is recorded there for our understanding, is the manner in which God provided the earth with replenishing water without rain (Gen. 2:4-6). This is the way that vegetation upon the earth was watered until the time when God brought the great flood upon it in Noah’s day (Gen. 7:11,12). We are told then that God opened the earth bringing the water up from it. Also, it rained for forty days and nights until the entire earth was covered. From the genealogical records that Scripture gives us it was approximately seventeen hundred years before the first rain fell, depending on how the figures are calculated.[2] At that time, the Lord broke up the earth allowing vast amounts of water to rise to the surface. At the same time as this rain fell upon the earth for the first time. Anyone who has experienced a tsunami knows how easily vast areas of the earth can be engorged due to the tectonic activity under the ocean that causes it.

It has always been understood that the earth contains underground springs of water everywhere, so mention of the operation of these springs at creation is not something altogether unfamiliar to us. The garden that God made for the man and the woman to live in was watered by four rivers that flowed through it which was fed from a single source that descended from higher ground to water it (Gen. 2:8-10; 13:10). It would appear however that the springs mentioned in Genesis two acted like a sprinkler system upon the earth, sending up a mist everywhere to water it like a covering of dew only in greater abundance (Gen. 2:6). More recently, it has been discovered that there are huge hot springs everywhere under the ocean that emit water which allows plants and fish to live in the lowest depths of the sea once believed to contain nothing. This water is believed to be moving in a cycle from the ocean under the earth where volcanic like activity heats the water and sends it back up.

Why it had never rained before Noahs day we do not know other than it was Gods will not to. This is a real mystery to us, for we are told that God placed the waters He had created in their proper places (Gen. 1:6,7). The water under the sky God formed into seas (Gen. 1:9,10), but the water placed in the atmosphere stayed there until the day it was brought forth upon the earth for forty days and forty nights. Once again, Scripture teaches us something in the unusual occurrence of the flood about the God of creation. The Bible record tells us that Noah, a righteous man was instructed to build an Ark (boat) for a flood that was coming in the far distant future (Gen. 6:3). This flood was designed to cover the earth and destroy every living thing with the exception of those who entered the Ark for refuge, which in Noah’s case were none other than his immediate family. Now why this flood was to come is made clear in chapter six of Genesis, the entire world of people with the exception of Noah had become totally wicked, therefore God would destroy it with them (Gen. 6:5-8).

Scripture informs us that during this time Noah worked, building his boat before the ungodly and preaching to them of the impending destruction. “By faith Noah, being divinely warned of things not yet seen, moved with godly fear, prepared an ark for the saving of his household, by which he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness which is according to faith.” (Heb. 11:7). Noah’s righteousness was through faith, for he was justified by it the same way as now in the gospel era. Noah believed Gods warning but no one else did, that is until it was too late. And so this serves as an object lesson for us in the present time, an example of God and His ways when He exercises patience with the ungodly who refuse to listen or take heed to His word. The day will come again when God will send forth His Son, the Person Noah typified in his person to destroy the earth once more for the final time. This truth God sends forth to the word through the herald of the gospel (II Pet. 3:10-12).

But just like in the days of Noah, men reject the gospel and scoff at those who receive it and proclaim it. The atheistic evolutionist who believes in a uniformitarian cosmos, one that never changes will suddenly find himself in a state utter ruin when the Lord returns (II Pet. 3:3-7). The Lord who created the earth most certainly has the ability to do anything He likes with it. The men and women of Noah’s day watched him build not just a boat, but a giant one, although it had never rained nor had the earth ever been flooded with water. God’s word is truth and He means what He says. And even though we don’t know why God did what He did in the way He regulated nature by this particular function of precipitation, certainly we can see how it was used. When the Lord returns this time He will reduce the world back to its original element in order that it might be recreated, this time without sin to spoil it (II Pet. 3:12,13).

God created both the spiritual and material realm in the space of six days. The seventh day God rested and pronounced a blessing on what He had done. Right away a difficulty is encountered in the Genesis creation account over this observation. But this problem is anything but insurmountable from what is revealed to us in the text. In two places (Gen. 1:1,2:4) creation is referred to as happening either in an instant or in a single day, and this while at the same time it is recorded as occurring within six days (Gen. 1:5,8,13,19,23,31; 2:1,2). This has caused many since the time of the second century church to speculate upon and to propose various theoretical explanations concerned with science and philosophy. But the key to understanding the passages cited lies clearly revealed within the context of all that is said in the first chapter of Genesis, so that our faith is not in men but in the living God who created it.

2-The Creation Account Exposed

We now direct our attention to the first verse of Genesis where we read these words “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” (Gen. 1:1). The “beginning” denotes the beginning of time for it was created too. The first question we must ask is what, was created at this time? The answer to this question is answered in the second verse with “The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.” (Gen. 1:2). What God created in an instant from nothing (ex nihilo) was the element, or the matter that comprises the cosmos, it was made initially as a raw material in an unformed state. There were two things however that do appear to have been finished products immediately following this astounding feat of creation, the first water, and the second darkness which are the absence of light. Now since the created beginning along with the finished product of light occurred on the first day (Gen. 1:5), we conclude that water and darkness were finished after the elements were created rather than the exact time they came into existence.

When we look at Genesis chapter two in comparison we read there these words, “Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made. This is the history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens, before any plant of the field was in the earth and before any herb of the field had grown. For the LORD God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to till the ground; but a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground. And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being. The LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there He put the man whom He had formed.” (Gen. 2:3-8). In this passage there are three words that stand out in reference to the issue of instant as opposed to gradual creation, the word created, the word made, and the word formed.

Created and made are two entirely different things, the first being the ex nihilo of Genesis 1:1 and second being what God did with it after it was created, this is why both words appear in the same verses in chapter two (Gen. 2:3,4). The God who is called “Logic” (John 1:1) cannot contradict Himself by saying two different things at the same time and in the same sentence in reference to the same thing. And just to make this point even clearer we are given the word “formed” concerning the creation of man (Gen. 2:7; Ps. 139:13-16). What this indicates to us is simply this, God created everything just as He said in Genesis 1:1, but in its raw state, unfinished, and this He did on the first created day. Many have troubled themselves over the fact that light was created three days before the bodies which normally reflect it and define our twenty-four hour cycle, reasoning that it could not have been so as it says. “God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day.” (Gen. 1:5).

But this they forget or overlook, that when God created the elements yet unformed, He also created time which is determined not by celestial bodies any more than the light is. Time was in motion because it too was part of the creation. And it must be so, for matter is subject to and defined by units of change we call time. Each day that God worked He formed or made something new of what He created. No where else in Scripture are we ever told that God created again after the first day. In fact, this brings us to consider the words of the Psalmist already cited in connection to this point. When new babies are formed in the womb of their mother they are actually not the product of original creation but rather the formation of it. Somehow God has ordained this to happen in conjunction with the biological process of procreation, even the fact that a newly conceived child consists of body and spirit making it a living soul (Gen. 2:7).

Certainly, and without doubt God could have done all that He did in the space of six days in an instant, but He chose not to. And so, once again instead of speculating on this we turn our attention to what it is that God would have us to know and think of Him in what He did and has revealed to us in His word. God says that He first worked then He rested (Gen. 2:3). This is absolutely amazing, for how can the eternal invisible Deity without body or parts work? And secondly, how can the same God who worked then require rest? These words are given to us in these terms because they are the only ones we can comprehend. Of course, God does not have a body that He can work in like us, nor does He get tired afterward like we do. But what God reveals in this are something about Himself and His ways, for after all this is what we need to learn about creation, indeed about everything to do with life and the worship of our Creator.

God, who exists in eternity had no work nor anything to occupy Himself, but the moment He created, now everything to do with it He would do within the confines of its space and time, and that even though He transcends it (Is. 57:15). God has chosen to deal, to interact with His creation even though He is outside of it. God has especially chosen to deal with man whom He made in His own image in this way. Everything within the cosmos operates according to a process of change that occurs within space and time. Now God is subject to none of these things, but in the formation of what He created He chose to do it in this way. In other words, God operated by way of progression in what He did, and then He rested teaching us some important principles of life. The labor God performed was good, the rest He enjoyed was a reflection of that which He performed, this is why He sanctified it and made the keeping of that day a matter of moral obligation for us and our worship of Him (Gen. 2:3).

There is even much more than that revealed in the days of creation and the Sabbath rest that God enjoyed. In the examination of the six days in which God worked there is revealed to us a certain pattern in its construction. Light and darkness does not define the essence of time so much as they act as a measurement of it, without these two things we would have no way to gauge it properly (Gen. 1:5). Right away in this text it is established that the “days” of creation were of a twenty-four hour day cycle which is common to us. Mention of this in the text given by God is done so in order to direct our thoughts about it in the right way. And so when we hear today from the Theistic evolutionist that these days were actually ages and not twenty-four hour days, immediately it should come to mind that mention of light and darkness which is night and day, evening and morning, is there to disabuse us of this notion. There is only one reason why a theory of evolution is proposed in reference to this, it is unbelief in challenging what God has said (Gen. 3:1-5).

God made water early on in the process of His formation of the creation for it is a foundational substance for every living thing which was yet to be made. And just as God had divided light from darkness in order to act among other things, as a gauge of time, He divided the waters from itself by the formation of space (Gen. 1:6,7). There are two levels of water mentioned in this text to attract our attention, both of which pertain to one specific realm of nature. The space called the firmament, provided support for the upper and lower area within the earth’s atmosphere wherein water dwells. At once we are confronted by this text with the fact that weather is a closed unitary system, created this way by God. There was water placed above the earth contained in the clouds, and there was water placed on the earth that acted as a covering to it (Gen. 1:2), both of which act together within a single weather system. From this system there is regular precipitation within the earths atmosphere that functions according to the express will of God (Gen. 2:5; 7:4; 8:2).

It is important to understand that nature does not operate by itself as though it possessed some blind energy or power of its own. There is no denial that nature is seen to operate ordinarily according to a specific rule or law. But even though that is so, it is God who rules nature by His upholding power over all things (Heb. 1:3). And though this is true of God and nature there is in no way any admixture of the two in the way that Pagans and Transcendentalists imagine in their corrupt and unbelieving minds, so that it should be worshiped. Today we can predict the weather and even manipulate it to some extent, but God sovereignly rules nature so that those who intrude themselves upon His mysterious realm will reap the whirlwind (John 3:8; Job 38:24; Hos. 8:7). Natural disasters occur suddenly in nature with little warning, showing that God will not be mocked by men, nor share His glory with anyone.

We are at once drawn to notice that what God started in the formation of the atmosphere He did not complete on the same day (Gen. 1:8). It was only on the third day that the work of God which He had begun started to resemble that which is more familiar to our conception of the earth. For it was then on the third day that God separated the waters upon the earth, forming dry land and sea by separating them from each other (Gen. 1:9,10). This is also the end of the first phase of Gods work in creation, in which He stopped and reflected upon its completion like an artist engaged in a masterpiece might do, declaring it to be “good.” These elements of earth, water and sky, light and darkness provided the backdrop for Gods Portrait, for these are all the things necessary for life to exist and be sustained. And so it was that God covered the earth at this point with all its vegetation, the lowest and most basic form of life, pronouncing it to be good also (Gen. 1:11-13).

It is at this point that we should stop and notice something amazing in the construction of the creation concerning its original form and the continuation of its existence. God made everything on it within the confines of space and time. This means that everything created was done so in maturity even though it was new. In the case of this lowest of life form upon the earth we call vegetation, God created its perpetual continuation through the means of a seed within its own nature (verse 12). This design of Gods doing not only guarantee’s the perpetuation of the vegetation upon the earth but also its permanence as a species. By this creative act the question of what came first, the fruit or the seed is answered with the resounding statement, both!

And by life being made to carry its own seed for reproductive purposes there is by design a fixed order within nature that maintains its integrity in perpetual continuity. And that being so, yet, God allowed for cross pollination to occur within the same species of life, producing the same fruit from it though altered only in appearance such as hybrid plants, flowers and fruits.

We are also struck by the creative genius displayed in the progressive character of what God had accomplished up to the third day. By the time that the earth became covered with the lowest of life form called vegetation everything that was needed in order to sustain it was already in place. There was light for photosynthesis, and light carries with it heat for plants to grow. There was water for the vegetation to drink in its minerals not to mention for its seed to germinate. There was soil in the earth for vegetation to receive its nutriments by. There was carbon dioxide in the air for plant life to breathe for the production of oxygen back into it. And both space and time was there for it as well. Space provides the area in which living things grow and repopulate itself. Time serves to provide the increments of change by which living things are ordered. What these things tells us is that we have a glorious God who created them, a God who sustains all things, and a God who will do the same for us (Matt. 6:28-31).

Before the next level of life which God determined to adorn the earth with, He at once reflected on the goodness seen thus far in all He had done, then commenced to further His work involving the firmament (Gen. 1:14-18). The firmament God was now at work in was that great expanse outside of the earth’s atmosphere known as outer space. In this space which reaches to vast lengths surrounding our planet, God filled with various luminaries that act as conductors of light in the sky. These are the created bodies we know to be the sun, the moon and the stars which were made along with a number of other planets that God placed along with ours in various orbits around the sun. Since light was already formed and maintained by God on the first day, these objects of space produced no light of their own, but merely reflected what was already available to them.

Someone might object to this statement pointing out that the sun is a fiery ball that does indeed emit both light and heat. To the extent this is true it is only as a means rather than a source that it does. Scripture reveals a place of fire that God has fashioned in which no light is permitted (Matt. 5:22, 8:12). If fire is used here as a metaphor rather than a substance, it is still being used in conjunction with darkness rather than light. And the metaphor of fire without light is definitely used by the writer of Hebrews when expressing the fearful experience of Israel at Mt. Sinai (Heb. 12:18). The day the Son of God was unjustly crucified was a morally dark day for mankind and the world. The crucifixion of the Son of God was a time in which God exacted the price of eternal hell upon His Beloved on behalf of those whom He came to save from the same fate. It was also a time in which God the Father actually withdrew His favor momentarily from His Son who acted as a substitutionary sacrifice in the expiation of sin for His people. In testimony of this event God suspended light from the sun that day for three hours upon the earth (Matt. 27:45).

Once these luminaries were in place, the twenty-four hour day cycle was easily distinguishable, the months of the year were set in motion for perpetuity. Although it says nothing here in this text about earths’ rotation, clearly this is established by what is said about the change of seasons in conjunction with the change of days (verse 14). Nowhere however, is there anything said in Genesis about creatures existing on planets anywhere else than here on earth. Nor does it say that the stars (verse 16) which can be seen in the sky represent other solar systems than our own. No, these were put here by God in reference to only one planet and its creatures, earth. Beside this, space itself is not endless but has a boundary to it. This is where the errors of uniformitarian theory are manifest. Just as there is an origin for all matter, so is there is one for outer space that is constituted as creation. In other words, neither matter nor space which is nature also are endless and unchanging. There is no endless space to explore that has existed forever.

We are told what the purpose of the stars is for in the text. These are to give light on the earth (verses 15,17). After completing this work on the fourth day, once again God stopped and reflected on its evident goodness (verses 18,19). It is here at this point of investigation in the glory and goodness of creation that several matters should be considered. It is evident today that the ideas that both Pagans and unbelieving Scientists have in common on the cosmos can be traced back to the perversion of Gods revelation of His work in creation. The earliest form of organized false religion recorded in Scripture is not surprisingly traceable back to this very account given to us in Genesis of creation. I refer the reader to Genesis chapter eleven and the Tower of Babel. There we read “And they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower whose top is in the heavens; let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth.” (Gen. 11:4). This tower was built for the observation and worship of the sky and its various luminaries.

We draw attention to the history in Genesis eleven for the specific purpose of showing that errors concerning the origin of the cosmos have usually come from some degree of truth being retained by man of the creation after his defection from God (Rom. 1:18-23). It is a known fact that every people and culture on the face of the earth no matter how remote or Pagan has a creation story in its religious mythology. The earliest civilization of people after the flood knew about the creation account in Genesis. This was due to the fact that everyone that has lived since the flood is related to Noah and his family. A book of genealogy (Gen. 5:1) predated Moses’ inspired book of Genesis that may have contributed to its composition.[3] Moses records that the heavenly bodies were made to “rule” day and night (verses 16,18). The powers of darkness imposing on the corrupt hearts of men have worked together to pervert Gods revelation to say these bodies in the heavens have power in themselves to rule the cosmos.

In fact, this sort of occult religion became the practice of the nations that surrounded ancient Israel whom God warned not to follow (Deut. 18:9,14). Since the days of the city of Babel men have watched the sky believing it to contain divine power (Is. 47:13). Interest in astrology and horoscopes is not a harmless thing as many believe it to be but actually an ancient magical art that is based on a lie, one that is diametrically opposed to the truth. And modern evolutionary science has not strayed far from this lie when it theorizes that powerful forces in space conspired to create the universe. A perverse interest in exploring the galaxy has mesmerized the modern stargazer in his pursuit of something he will not find, the God who made them. We have now landed on Mars and behold, nothing of value is there to be found!

At the end of the second stage of Gods creative work on day four all was ready for the next part of His work to commence, the formation of the next level of life upon earth. God filled the seas and the skies with fish and fowl, the water, air and plant life all being in place for them to live on (Gen. 1:20-22). And these creatures who live and move about comprised many species or kinds (verse 21). These creatures, like the vegetation which was made with its own seed for reproduction, were made the same as well, their created instinct and seed within them being suitable for their own reproductive process. The Lords work of supplying the earth with an abundant amount of sea and air life shows Him to be no miser in what He does. And as we are shown a tremendous variety of plant life that covers the earth, we are also shown the same large amount of variety in these creatures too. Gods expressed will for these creatures are given to us in the immediate text, that they are fruitful by their multiplication upon the face of the earth (verse 22). God reflected upon this work seeing it too, was good, thereby bringing the fifth day to an end (verses 21,23).

On the sixth and final day of creation God made two more types of creatures to live on the earth. The first category of life which God made on this day was similar to that made on the previous one, the difference being that they were animals of higher stature. The variety of creatures God brought forth on this day were those beasts of the field that live and walk upon the face of the earth (Gen. 1:24,25). Not only did God make a variety of animals in this category but He made them a variety of size and shapes too. Although nothing is said about the dinosaurs in Scripture, these too were part of the animals made on the sixth day. Also, it is uncertain which day that reptiles were made as these are creatures of both land and water, but by the sixth day all animal life was complete. There was a degree of honor placed by God upon the animals He created which can be seen in the place they have within the sacrificial system that He gave His people to perform (Gen.8:20; Lev.1:2,10,14).

The second category of life which God made on this day was the crowning achievement of all the living creatures He had made thus far in the narrative, this was man whom He made in His own image (Gen. 1:26,27). The specific word “likeness” in the text conveys that of a similarity to the Creator, but one that is limited in its scope, for God has no body like that of the man He made on that day. What these two terms mean, “image” and “likeness” is that of the intellectual and moral quality which is most reflective of the unseen, eternal God. Man was made with the ability to think and comprehend abstract principles, to think analytically, logically and rationally. This is something that was not true of any other creature. Part of this quality concerning mans intellect is the ability to communicate thought in the form of words, and to receive thoughts from others in the same way. And not just simple thought, but the ability to produce and comprehend complex abstract principles.

The fact that men can do this is a gigantic blow against the notion that man is only matter, that his brain with its thoughts is nothing more than impulses of energy that pertains to its tissue. If this were true, then the fact that man can think the same thought twice would not be true. Not only that, but the ability to think the same thought by more than one person separately or at the same time could not be true either if man were only matter operating under impulses of energy. The ability to think is not simply a matter of mans physical being but is a function of his spiritual essence. It is true that man was made of the dust and as such, the maintenance of his mortal life on this earth is inseparably connected to the state or condition of his physical body. But it is also true that man was made a living spirit too; Joined with a body man is a living soul (Gen. 2:7). The soul of man is the source of his inner thought life, not his body. The thought life of a living person is the evidence that they are more than just matter, that they are spiritual beings whose consciousness is designed and destined to live on after physical death (I Cor. 15:53).

The immortality of a man’s soul is not like that of Gods however, and it is so for this one simple reason, God in His Being is eternal and self sustaining, man is on the other hand a created being and is not. Man was made as a creature of God and as such is utterly dependant on Him for all things that pertain to his life (Ps. 104:27-30). But God did make man to exist beyond this present life, and so it is that He preserves the conscious soul of man for eternity. This fact, that man is made in Gods image, and that for the purpose of conscious eternal existence is something which gives incredible dignity to him as a creature. This reality flies in the face of the naturist who strips man of his essential being and along with it his dignity too, by assigning to him the mere metaphysical definition of matter.

And the image of God which is stamped upon man implies something even more profound than that, which is that man was made a moral creature unlike any of the animals made before him. The ability to think and reason makes man a creature which is able to choose between right and wrong, good and evil. This is reflective of God too, who is ultimately upright in His nature. The image of God which man was made with was to be a reflection of the moral righteousness of his Creator. The naturist that says that man is only matter also says that he is an amoral being, under no other requirement in this life in regard to morality than to his own self interest. But there is a fundamental difference which exists between a man and an animal. God made them (animals) to be creatures of instinct, but He made man to be a creature of purposeful moral integrity. And because of this, a man’s moral condition is far more fundamental to his existence as a person than in his physical condition as mere matter.

And not only did God make man to be intelligent and upright, He made him to be a volitional creature too. Volition is the exercise of the will or the spirit of a man. Volition employs the other faculties of mans nature such as intellect and moral integrity for they operate in unity together with the physical being of his nature. Volition is another reflective aspect of the unseen nature of God. God thinks, God purposes, God acts according to His excellent nature and the attributes of it that show forth the essence of what He is (Job 37:23). Though man is a limited creature of the dust, yet, he has been made for the purpose to reflect in his soul something of the character of his Creator. Volition by itself does not imply anything about ability such as is true with God, but man was made with a certain ability to act within the confines of his own nature. Unlike God, man has hands and legs that assist him in movement, in work, and in all activities of life. Man has a mouth to speak, and ears to hear. But most of all, man has a mind and heart to think Gods thoughts after him; Man has a will to act in accordance with these thoughts.

Since these things are true of man, which we have elucidated in reference to the image of God, consider how grievous a thing it is for anyone to say that he has descended from an ape. Man is a higher creature in every respect, a moral being designed to serve and glorify God in the exercise of that being. Animals were made to glorify God too, make no mistake about that. But no animal was ever made to think or to act in a moral way in reference to its Creator. An animal acts by instinct, doing what suits itself at any given moment in the maintenance of its life. This is not true of man for when Israel was tried in the wilderness and they’re every need was provided them from God it was said to them, “So He humbled you, allowed you to hunger, and fed you with manna which you did not know nor did your fathers know, that He might make you know that man shall not live by bread alone; but man lives by every word that proceeds from the mouth of the LORD.” (Deut. 8:3). There is food for the body; There is truth for the soul; God is the Creator and provider of both for man. He is therefore, obligated to rely on God for all things’ needful.

A distinction was made between the animal and man on the sixth day which we overlook to our peril, a distinction contained in the words, “according to its kind” (Gen. 1:24,25). Each animal just like every other living thing that was made by God is made according to a specific kind or nature of species. There is no evolution away from this set order within nature. Every living thing was ordained of God to multiply, to fill the earth and repopulate itself. But this was only to be so within the specie or kind which God assigned to it. In every case, God ordained a biological process of reproduction, one which requires the combination of two opposite sexes which mate for this purpose. There is nowhere within nature that this process serves to produce any offspring other than that “according to its kind.” Now the animal operates solely by instinct, but the man by intelligent, morally guided volition. As such, man is not to act as an animal does but as a creature made in the image of God.

Another distinction which is evident from the Genesis narrative is that man was to dominate the earth, both animate and inanimate nature in moral subjection to his Maker (Gen. 1:26, 28-30). Man as the highest earthly being was given this duty and privilege over the earth. It is at this point that something about the purpose of creation becomes very evident. What God established on the earth was a kingdom, a rule based on order and design. We can see that part of the prosperity of this kingdom on earth was to be through the propagation of man and beast upon it. This rule included the use of all the elements and resources that are found within the cosmos. Every plant and every animal was at the disposal of man for his food, as well as whatever other needs he might have that they could supply (Gen. 1:29,30). Today there is talk of exhausting the worlds provision in terms of these things, rendering the earth incapable of supporting its current or future population. But nothing could be farther from the truth. At the end of the sixth day of creation God declared these things, what He created as well as the character of them, “very good.” This leaves little doubt as to the abundance and quality of Gods work. God made the world to be inhabited, and it is supported by His inexhaustible provision (Is. 45:18).

There was one other thing that God did on that sixth day that punctuated the goodness and glory of all that had been performed. This was in the provision of a special place He had formed for the man to live in. “The LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there He put the man whom He had formed.” (Gen. 2:8). The Garden of Eden was spectacular in every respect being endowed with everything necessary for the man’s sustenance and support. It was a place within a place so to speak, a sanctuary within the confines of the created universe where the man and his wife were to live, and move, and have their being (Acts 17:28). The Garden of Eden was like an outdoor mansion, the earth existing at the time of creation in a perfect environment in terms of temperature. This is something we can ascertain from the fact that the man and his wife were both described as naked (Gen. 2:25). The elements of earth and sky were perfectly suited for the comfort and condition of the pair just as they were. And just as they were designed to procreate too, multiplying upon the face of the earth, their offspring were to be born in the same state as them.

The garden was a place of abundant supply. “And out of the ground the LORD God made every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food.” (Gen. 2:9a). There were four rivers which flowed from the garden, providing water for its inhabitants and irrigation for its vegetation (Gen. 2:10-14). Since it was man’s duty to take dominion over the earth, his first assignment was to tend and keep the garden (Gen. 2:15). It is here that something strikes us about the nature of God and this kingdom that He created. God labored in the six days of creation even though He was quite capable of calling into being anything he desired in an instant. “God, who gives life to the dead and calls those things which do not exist as though they did” (Rom. 4:17). The labor of God shows forth the progressive nature of all that He does within this created world and the issues that concern it. Part of man being made in the image of God was this very thing too, the sanctity of labor being established by mans efforts done in conformity to his Maker.

Part of that dominion mandate was fulfilled in mans duty to cultivate the garden that was given him as his new home. God made earths life to grow simply by the provision He gives it in nature. But as everyone knows, the quality of a garden’s growth is determined by the effort made to tend and keep it, to water and cultivate its vegetation, otherwise weeds will overtake all that is good in it. Man was to follow this example of God in his labor upon earth. Daily work and daily reflection upon the work done. Just as God did all that He did on each day of the week to a level of satisfaction that could only be described as good, man was to do the same in all that he did though in an obviously lesser way. It is by this principle established in the garden that great things are accomplished. Each day’s work must be built upon the previous day’s work in order for its overall completeness to be acheived.

And as we have already seen, God did not leave man to do all the work that was ordained for him by himself. God made man a helper in the person of a woman, a female counterpart to assist him in all of his labors (Gen. 2:18). As a helper made suitable to the man’s need, the woman was for him much more than that. The woman was given to the man by God first of all in order to keep him from being alone. Someone might ask, wasn’t the fellowship of God suitable for this? Yes, but God and man are two different natures, He being eternal, invisible, and Holy in all His essence, “who alone has immortality, dwelling in unapproachable light, whom no man has seen or can see, to whom be honor and everlasting power. Amen.” (I Tim. 6:16). And what is man but flesh and bones, finite, mortal, unworthy even to bow before the most high God before whom even the angels are imperfect (Job 4:18)? For this reason, God made man a friend that was like him in nature, but different from him in outward physical characteristics.

The woman was made comparable to the man. In nature the man and the woman were equal in every respect, being living souls made in the image of God. But as the woman was taken from man and assigned the role of helper there was a descending order of authority in the relationship. (Gen. 2:23). This is a matter of controversy today for we live in an egalitarian society which cannot stand the thought of inequality in any social situation. This is not a matter left up to opinion for it is the Creator that determines such things. We see that there is an order to life itself in terms of its complexity and function. Each life form was made to reproduce itself according to its kind. And those living things that comprise the animal world, from fish to cattle are made male and female for this purpose. Man, though not an animal was made to reproduce as well, with this purpose being supplied in what the male and female supply in themselves to each other toward this end.

Animals were not made to live within a social atmosphere due to their nature functioning according to instinct rather than a determined purpose of forethought like humans. Mankind was made to exist as a family unit, showing forth the glories of the Creator. For this reason, God ordained the man and woman He had made to be wed together in a covenant relationship before Him (Gen. 2:24). As man and woman were to multiply upon the earth, this process of marriage that God ordained was to establish a foundation for the family unit. Out of the marriage children would come forth, perpetuating humanity while safeguarding its integrity from moral decomposition at the same time. The government of a family unit is determined by God at creation, the man being the head of the woman (I Cor. 11:2-12). There is subordination in their created order. Now, at this time in history the relationship which a man and woman are to have with God is determined by the saving mercies of God in Christ. Even though salvation as well as humanity before God is a matter of equality, still the order of headship must and still does apply.

Subordination within Gods creation is established first between Himself and man. God is alone the Creator, and as such He is the lawgiver. There can be no order, no harmony, no productivity of any kind and value between a man and a woman without this order being established and maintained before God. And so we see that right there in the midst of the garden where man was to live and have fellowship with his God, this harmony, this peace, this rule was established in the giving of a law, one that pertained to mans life in the garden in reference to a certain tree. There were many trees in the garden but there were two trees in particular marked out for our notice in its midst, the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Gen. 2:9). The fruit of these two trees was to determine the future life of mankind on this earth.

It should be pointed out here first of all that these two trees were ordinary trees, there was nothing magical in them at all. The names assigned to these two trees in our narrative were done so for a very specific purpose related to order within Gods creation. Therefore, we might call this order as it relates to that which God ordained at the time as a creation ordinance. For example, man was tasked to tend and keep the garden (Gen. 2:15). This task was part of a bigger duty for him to take dominion over the earth, in order to establish a kingdom of God on it (Gen. 1:26,28). We see also that it was mans duty to name all of the animals that God had made and had given to him (Gen. 2:19,20). The man even gave himself and his wife a name that described what they were as humans (Gen. 2:23). The personal name of the man appears for the first time in the creation narrative in the Garden of Eden. The personal name Adam was given to the man by God which means in Hebrew “Man” (Gen. 2:19). “And Adam called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all living.” (Gen. 3:20).

Marriage, as we have seen already was another creation ordinance assigned to the man to keep, for it was he that should seek out a wife to marry and commit himself too, the wife agreeing and submitting to her husband (Gen. 2:24). Aside from these other duties already mentioned we can add one more to the list which was the duty to keep the Sabbath day holy, the day in which God rested from all His labor (Gen. 2:3). But there was one specific ordinance given to Adam that completed the whole of Gods purpose in creating him. This one ordinance was also the one command above the rest that would establish mankind in Gods kingdom on earth in perpetuity. This ordinance is of course, the prohibition given to Adam by God against eating the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Gen. 2:17).

As we have said, there were two trees set in the midst of the garden whose use or lack thereof constituted the rule or order of submission to God that mankind was duty bound to obey. According to Gods design everything else in creation centered on this rule. Although there were two trees marked out for mention in the narrative there was only one that is made to stand out, the reason for this being the negative consequence of its use which was death. But nevertheless, there were two trees mentioned, one being the tree of death and the other being the tree of life. From the warning of the command which God gave concerning the one forbidden tree, following His command to eat every other tree in the garden, we know that this included the tree of life also (Gen. 2:16,17). The tree of life symbolized eternal life and it was Adams duty to eat of it. The tree of the knowledge of good and evil symbolized eternal death and Adam was commanded to abstain from its use.

From this command we can infer the nature of Gods law that it is a twofold ordinance. With every command to not do something there is the implied necessity of doing something else. God’s law comprises both negative and positive elements to it which define what it is in reference to whatever is commanded. Mankind was made good, which means, good for all that he was intended to be. Man was for all intents and purposes made in a state of righteousness by a righteous God. The image of God in man has a special meaning in this regard. A law or ordinance communicated by God to man, one which he understands and has the moral obligation to keep is what determines not only the image of his Creator in him but also the nature of the relationship he has to Him. The kingdom of God is one that is established on the principle of righteousness. Without this principle in operation and man’s conformity to it there is nothing but disorder within the created order. It was this law, this prohibition against the use of that one special tree that defined the nature of mans existence on earth and what his relationship to his Creator would be.

This brings us to the last and final part of a consideration of the six days of work God performed in which He had created and made all things that currently exist within the cosmos. With all of this completed, we are told that God rested from all His work on the seventh day (Gen. 2:1,2). But as we have noted earlier God ended His work in totality. God is not now, nor will He ever be doing this again. When Scripture says that “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” on the first day, “And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done,” then there was nothing in which He would afterward do. In other words, everything else that has ever happened within the cosmos in our understanding was completed in these six days. All the rough material for it was created on the first day, and it was fashioned or formed into a finished product within those six days.

When a miracle occurs in nature, it was already created. When a certain prophecy or providence is brought to pass in history, it too was already created. Nothing that happens within the cosmos even those events we deem as supernatural is new, for it is a work that God performs according to His eternal purpose and work done in a moment of time (Is. 46:10; Acts 15:18). History is the progress of time which God has created. Events within history are the unfolding of Gods Decree. This is illustrated perfectly in the six days of Gods work. In it we are told that He created and made the history of the heavens and the earth (Gen. 2:3,4). This includes not only the original creation which was good, but the subsequent history including the fall of man and his restoration in the person and work of Jesus Christ. There have been some like Jonathan Edwards, a brilliant man in his own right who have defined Gods work as a continual creation, but Scripture says otherwise. God upholds His work and it consists in Him, which means it is preserved and prospered by His power (Col. 1:16,17; Heb. 1:3).

The seventh day that God blessed is the commemoration of these finished works. God rested and reflected upon them on this day, He sanctified it too, making it a day of perpetual observance in the earth. Before the Mosaic law was inaugurated, the Sabbath had already been established as a creation ordinance, a day of rest from work (Ex. 16:23,28-30). Through the Mosaic law given at Mt. Sinai the Sabbath was codified as a moral and civil observance of Israel based on Gods rest from His works (Ex. 20:8-11). Later on, when the law was restated by Moses as the next generation of Hebrews was about to enter Canaan, their deliverance from Egypt by the Lord was added to it as this same finished work (Deut. 5:12-15). And finally, the New Covenant church is according the writer of Hebrews to keep the Sabbath rest in remembrance of Gods finished work in Christ (Heb. 4:3-10). Even those who perish in unbelief are part of this work.

The Sabbath day that God instituted established for man the normal cycle of work and rest that we know today. When God formed day and night as a function of the operation of time, the single day of work and rest was established. Contrary to what modern man does now in defying the twenty-four hour cycle of work and rest through artificial light, what God established did not change. But the day night cycle is easy to observe and we get tired naturally in accordance with it. Without this seven-day work and rest cycle taking place in creation there would be no such thing today as a seven-day week. A seven-day week is universally accepted on earth because it is revealed in the Bible to be ordained of God. Therefore, God recorded His work of creation in six days so that it’s origin both in terms of its material existence and in terms of its formation would be known. The seven-day cycle is a creation ordinance to be repeated perpetually throughout history.

In those godless communistic countries they have tried to change the seven-day week to suit their idea of production and rest. But they have found that it is impossible to do simply because it is a matter of moral duty to observe. But there is more to it than just that, for the seventh day was established by God as a day of special worship. The rest that God sanctified was done so as too free man from his normal obligation to work in six days for the express purpose of his greater duty which is the worship of his Creator (Ex. 20:9,10). God says that six days belong to us but the seventh is His. This cannot mean a thing if it does not mean that His worship should be observed on that day. And of course, we don’t mean to imply that every day is not a day in which to worship God, but rather the Sabbath is a day for special, public worship by the people of God toward Him.

This completes the expository portion of our consideration of the six days of creation in which there are some further things to consider in regard to this marvelous work of God. Man has this account of Gods work contained in a book which He has preserved for his benefit throughout the ages. This book having come from its Creator needs no help from modern Science whatsoever. Any attempt to rewrite the book of creation is rank unbelief in the living God and His living word (Ps. 14:1, Heb. 4:12,13). It is man who is naked before a holy God not the other way around. No observance of nature by a creature who is nothing but nature himself will unlock the mysteries of creation that are reserved by God to Himself. But to those unbelieving souls who are lost and ignorant of His word He has left a testimony of Himself in it that speaks to them in their unbelief. The inspired prophet Jeremiah has said of Him concerning this, “He has made the earth by His power, He has established the world by His wisdom, And has stretched out the heavens at His discretion.” (Jer. 10:12).

3-The Glory of God in Creation

The wisdom of God is manifest throughout the creation. Intelligent design is evident in all God created so that men cannot mistake His handiwork. This is due to the fact that God is omniscient, He knows all things that are or could possibly be. Omniscience is the foundation of God’s unlimited intellect. The mind of God is discerned in creation by the coherence that is exhibited in all of its functions. This is true of the laws which nature operates under. The same consistent process occurs over and over again in nature. Nothing in nature deviates from this process year after year, except within certain discernable cycles. Everything in nature operates cyclically in its processes but with consistent precision. Nature constantly replenishes itself according to the laws set forth for it. Nothing less than an unlimited intelligence could account for such a thing.

A proper and apparent design is installed into every element, every molecule, and every atom that God created. Every aspect of that design is complementary to its purpose to exist. There is nothing vain or out of order within creation but all is useful, purposeful and glorious. All of this is a reflection of the incredible wisdom of God. The balance found in nature was ordered by God and complete. Wisdom ordered every facet of its design, every use that can rightfully be made of it, and every supply of it as it has been provided by its Maker. There is no way that nature can be studied without coming to the conclusion that a wise Creator is behind it. But if that were not enough to provoke an appreciation for God’s wisdom, He wrote it down in His book that it might be read and meditated upon.

The power of God is seen in nature. Where does the power come from that animates everything that operates in nature? It is nothing less than the omnipotence of God made manifest. The incredible power that is necessary to make all that is created also sustains it. Left to itself nature would unravel as soon as it was constructed if not for His power that keeps it. By His omnipotence God upholds every atom within its nucleus. When an atom is split there is tremendous destruction, this is the work of man. God holds the power of the atom within His grasp, making everything that exists in subservience to His will. The sovereign decree of the Lord has ordered it; The sovereign power of the Lord does it. The rules of nature that God’s wisdom designed with it would be useless without His power to maintain it. God declares His power in His word by showing that each thing He created was done independently of every other thing.

The goodness of God is evident in all of His creation. The goodness seen in creation is due to the absolute usefulness that it has in proportion to its purpose. This is why God ended each days work with the declaration that it was good. Creation itself declares this fact of God’s goodness to everyone throughout the earth. But what makes Gods work in creation essentially good? It is that there is not a single thing made within the cosmos that is vain or unnecessary. Likewise, there is nothing lacking in what God created. On each recorded day of the week what God created was immediately useful in its operation. Each element of inanimate nature was made complete by God requiring no further work or process for its completion. One obvious reason for this stands out. Each day of creation shows a progression of work, beginning with the inanimate and ending with the living. When finally, living creatures were made they would have every resource at their disposal already present. And every individual living creature was itself made complete.

God constructed everything like a good master builder would. On day one God created the earthly elements of water and light. These were made in the rough so to speak. On day two God made the firmament, the oceans and the atmosphere. On day three God made dry land, then land vegetation, fruit trees and grass. On day four God made the sun, the moon and the stars. On day five God made marine life, then birds. On day six God made land animals and then humans. Each part of creation reflects God’s goodness in its beauty and uniqueness. Among the living creatures God made there was diversity. Each creature was made according to its own kind. God made creatures for the sea, creatures for the air and creatures for the land. Each one of these possessed a nature within itself that is utterly glorious in its composition. God’s goodness in nature provides for each one of these what it needs to survive and multiply. But most of all, Gods creative goodness concerning life is seen in His crowning achievement, the creation of man, a creature made in His own image.

The goodness of God is displayed in the order assigned to each living thing. The lowest form of life is vegetation. For vegetation to live it depends on the other elements such as water, light and the nutriments of the earth. God in His providence supplies this in order that it may live and propagate. Insect life was made to abound upon the earth performing innumerable benefits to it and every level of life. Animal life of every kind formed the next order of life on earth. These live off of what God supplies to them through the earth in its abundance. God made man as the next highest creature on earth. Man was given the earth and all of its goodness to tend and to use for himself, God providing everything he might need on it. If that were not enough, God even gave man a helper like himself to live with. Although the earth in its entirety was abundantly good, God made a special dwelling place for them to live in.

Although not mentioned explicitly in this section of Genesis, God also created an even higher level of life though not endowed with the same physical properties as man. This life is entirely spiritual in nature and was made along with the heavenly realm of creation. These spiritual creatures called angels do not require any material sustenance for their life. God directly upholds these creatures by Himself without using those means found on earth. While spirit beings are higher than man according to nature, yet God invested man with more honor than they. This God did by stamping His own image upon man, something that is not enjoyed by any other creature. In fact, the spiritual realm was created in order to serve both God and man, this too speaks of the incredible goodness of God (Heb. 1:7,14). And finally, Gods goodness to man was displayed in the fact that a revelation of Himself in His word was made known. This is the knowledge of God and it was provided for the man to inform him of his duty to his Creator. The law which was given in it carried only a single prohibition.

When all this was done in the space of six days God rested and reflected upon the goodness of what He had accomplished. Even the goodness of Gods rest was passed on to man in His setting the seventh day apart for this purpose. There are so many things that are taken for granted by us concerning Gods goodness in creation. God made color for the eyes He gave to man. God made sound for the ears He gave to man. God gave food taste for the mouth that He gave to man. All these things testify to the incredible goodness that is evident upon the earth. The sun rises to give warmth and light. The sun sets to set time and give rest. Rain waters the earth nourishing every living thing. Snow cools and purifies the air. Wind blows to give a breeze on a hot day. The sky is arrayed with a plethora of fantastic colors. When it is meditated upon, the beauty and harmony reflected in creation are such that nothing can be done to rival it. All that should be done by man is to glorify God and thank Him for it.

Notes

[1] This writer has a wife who was born with two extra ribs, something that is rare but not completely unheard of. Because of an injury, it was necessary for two of her ribs on one side to be removed.

[2] This figure is taken from Bishop Ussher’s timeline in his Annals of the World.

[3] The book of Jasher is believed to be an uninspired historical account of early history that was in the possession of the Hebrews (Josh. 10:13; II Sam. 1:18). This book exists today but its authenticity is disputed. We take no position on the authenticity of this book, but rely completely on Moses’ inspired account in Genesis.

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